Home » News » Here’s a Big Ass List of Independent Studies Proving That Vaping is Less Harmful Than Smoking

Here’s a Big Ass List of Independent Studies Proving That Vaping is Less Harmful Than Smoking

When-I-see-people-arguing-on-a-facebook-post-memeThis should come in handy the next time that you’re arguing with that stupid friend on Facebook who thinks that you’ll die from popcorn lung or formaldehyde or whatever.

Courtesy of some random dude on Reddit, here my attempt to awkwardly copy/paste from a spreadsheet the most exhaustive list available of independent studies proving that vaping is less harmful than smoking (get the spreadsheet on Google Docs):

2

“Smoking revolution”: a content analysis of electronic cigarette retail websites

Grana R.A., Ling P.M.

Am J Prev Med.2014http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379713006934

3

A longitudinal study of electronic cigarette users

Etter J., Bullen C.

Addictive Behaviors2014http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460313003304

4
A review of the current geographic distribution of and debate surrounding electronic cigarette clean air regulations in the United States
Kadowaki J. et al

Health Place2015http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1353829214001646

5

A systematic review of health effects of electronic cigarettes

Pisinger C., Døssing M.

Prev Med2014http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743514003739

6

Achieving appropriate regulations for electronic cigarettesSaitta D. et alTher Adv Chronic Dis.2014http://taj.sagepub.com/content/5/2/50

7

Acute effects of electronic and tobacco cigarette smoking on complete blood count

Flouris A.D. et al.
Food and Chemical Toxicology

2012http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691512005030

8
Acute effects of using an electronic nicotine-delivery device (electronic cigarette) on myocardial function: comparison with the effects of regular cigarettes
Farsalinos K.E. et al

BMC Cardiovasc Disord.2014http://bmccardiovascdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2261-14-78

9

Adolescent Males’ Awareness of and Willingness to Try Electronic CigarettesPepper J.K. et alJournal of Adolescent Health2013http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X12004090

10

Adverse Effects of e-Cigarette ExposuresCantrell F.L.Journal of Community Health2014http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10900-013-9807-5

11
Analysis of electronic cigarette cartridges, refill solutions, and smoke for nicotine and nicotine related impurities

Trehy M.L. et al

Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies

2011http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10826076.2011.572213

12

Are e-cigarettes a gateway to smoking or a pathway to quitting?Alawsi F. et alBr Dent J.2015http://www.nature.com/bdj/journal/v219/n3/full/sj.bdj.2015.591.html

13

Are E-cigarettes a safe and good alternative to cigarette smoking?Oren R. et al

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

2015http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nyas.12609/abstract

14
Are Metals Emitted from Electronic Cigarettes a Reason for Health Concern? A Risk-Assessment Analysis of Currently Available Literature
Farsalinos K.E. et al
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health

2015http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/5/5215

15

Awareness and Ever Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among U.S. Adults, 2010–2011King B.A.et al

Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2013http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/9/1623

16

Carbonyl compounds generated from electronic cigarettesBekki K. et al

Int J Environ Res Public Health

2014http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/11/11192

17

Chemical evaluation of electronic cigarettesCheng T.Tobacco control2014http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii11

18
Chronic Idiopathic Neutrophilia in A Smoker, Relieved after Smoking Cessation with the Use of Electronic Cigarette: a Case Report
Farsalinos K.E., Romagna G.

Clin Med Insights Case Rep.2013http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3571762/

19

Clinical laboratory assessment of the abuse liability of an electronic cigarette

Vansickel A.R. et al

Addiction2012http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03791.x/abstract

20
Commentary on Wagener et al. (2012): Electronic cigarettes – the Holy Grail of nicotine replacement?

Etter J.Addiction2012http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03909.x/abstract

21

Comparison of electronic cigarette refill fluid cytotoxicity using embryonic and adult modelsBahl V. et alReproductive Toxicology2012http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890623812002833

22

Comparison of the effects of e-cigarette vapor and cigarette smoke on indoor air quality

McAuley T.R. et al
Inhalation Toxicology: International Forum for Respiratory Research

2012http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/08958378.2012.724728

23

Connections of nicotine to cancerGrando S.A.Nature Reviews Cancer2014http://www.nature.com/nrc/journal/v14/n6/full/nrc3725.html

24
Conventional and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have different smoking characteristics
Trtchounian A. et al
Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2010http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/12/9/905

25

Counseling Patients on the Use of Electronic CigarettesEbbert J.O. et alMayo Clinic Proceedings2014http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196%2814%2900989-6/abstract

26
Determination of tobacco-specific nitrosamines in replacement liquids of electronic cigarettes by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Kim H., Shin H.Journal of Chromatography A2013http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021967313005001

27
Development of an in vitro cytotoxicity model for aerosol exposure using 3D reconstructed human airway tissue; application for assessment of e-cigarette aerosol

Neilson L. et alToxicology in Vitro2015http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0887233315001228

28
Do electronic cigarettes impart a lower potential disease burden than conventional tobacco cigarettes? Review on E-cigarette vapor versus tobacco smoke.
Oh A., Kacker A.

Laryngoscope2014http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/lary.24750/abstract

29

E-cigarettes and cardiovascular risk: beyond science and mysticismLippi G. et alSemin Thromb Hemost.2014https://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0033-1363468

30

E-cigarettes generate high levels of aldehydes only in ‘dry puff’ conditions

Farsalinos K.E. et al

Addiction2015http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.12942/abstract

31

E-cigarettes need to be tested for safety under realistic conditions

Bates C.D., Farsalinos K.E.

Addiction2015http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.13028/full

32

E-Cigarettes: A Rapidly Growing Internet PhenomenonYamin C.K. et alAnnals Of Internal Medicine2010http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=746383

33

E-cigarettes: an evidence update. A report commissioned by Public Health EnglandMcNeill et alPublic Health England2015

34

E-cigarettes: Considerations for the otolaryngologist

Biyani S., Derkay C.S.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.

2015http://www.ijporlonline.com/article/S0165-5876(15)00191-3/abstract

35

E-Cigarettes: Prevalence and Attitudes in Great Britain

Dockrell M. et al
Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2013http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/10/1737

36

E-cigarettes: Safe to recommend to patients?Jerry J.M. et alCleve Clin J Med.2015http://www.ccjm.org/index.php?id=107953&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=419977

37

E-Cigarettes. A Scientific ReviewGrana R. et alCirculation2014http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/129/19/1972

38
Effect of an electronic nicotine delivery device (e-Cigarette) on smoking reduction and cessation: a prospective 6-month pilot study

Polosa R. et alBMC Public Health2011http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/786

39

Effects of active and passive electronic and tobacco cigarette smoking on lung functionChorti M. et alToxicology Letters2012http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378427412003529

40

Effects of electronic cigarette smoking on human health

Meo S.A., Al Asiri S.A.
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences

2014http://www.europeanreview.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/3315-3319.pdf

41

Efficacy of electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation

Orr K.K., Asal N.J.

Ann Pharmacother.2014http://aop.sagepub.com/content/48/11/1502

42

Electronic cigarette aerosol particle size distribution measurements

Ingebrethsen B. J. et al
Inhalation Toxicology: International Forum for Respiratory Research

2012http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/08958378.2012.744781

43

Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014

Shoenborn et al.

NCHS Data Brief2015http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db217.pdf

44
Electronic cigarette use among Korean adolescents: a cross-sectional study of market penetration, dual use, and relationship to quit attempts and former smoking

Lee S. et alJ Adolesc Health2014http://www.jahonline.org/article/S1054-139X(13)00748-9/abstract

45

Electronic Cigarette Use and Exposure in the Pediatric Population

Collaco J.M. et al

JAMA Pediatr.2015http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2085668

46

Electronic cigarette–a safe substitute for tobacco cigarette or a new threat?

Kośmider L. et al

Przegl Lek2012http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23421096

47

Electronic cigarette: a possible substitute for cigarette dependence

Caponnetto P. et al

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis.2013http://monaldi.pagepress.org/index.php/macd/article/view/104

48

Electronic cigarette: users profile, utilization, satisfaction and perceived efficacy

Etter J., Bullen C.

Addiction2011http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03505.x/abstract

49

Electronic Cigarettes – A Narrative Review for Clinicians

Orellana-Barrios M.A. et al

Am J Med2015http://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(15)00165-5/abstract

50

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs): views of aficionados and clinical/public health perspectivesFoulds J. et al

International Journal of Clinical Practice

2011http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2011.02751.x/abstract

51

Electronic cigarettes and nicotine clinical pharmacology

Schroeder M.J, Hoffman A.C.

Tobacco control2014http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii30

52
Electronic Cigarettes and Vaping: A New Challenge in Clinical Medicine and Public Health. A Literature Review

Palazzolo D.L.Front Public Health2013http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpubh.2013.00056/abstract

53

Electronic cigarettes are poorly labelled and under-regulatedNew Scientist2010http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0262407910630199

54
Electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy for tobacco control: A step forward or a repeat of past mistakes?
Cahn Z., Siegel M.
Journal of Public Health Policy

2011http://www.jstor.org/stable/20868783

55

Electronic Cigarettes As a Smoking-Cessation Tool : Results from an Online Survey

Siegel M.B. et al
American Journal of Preventive Medicine

2011http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379710007920

56

Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction

McRobbie H. et al
Cochrane Database Syst Rev.

2014http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD010216.pub2/abstract

57

Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trialBullen C. et alThe Lancet2013http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673613618425

58
Electronic cigarettes induce DNA strand breaks and cell death independently of nicotine in cell lines

Yu V. et alOral Oncology2016http://www.oraloncology.com/article/S1368-8375%2815%2900362-0/abstract

59

Electronic Cigarettes: A New Nicotine Gateway?Grana R.A.Journal of Adolescent Health2013http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X12007367

60

Electronic Cigarettes: A Primer for CliniciansBorn H. et al

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.

2015http://oto.sagepub.com/content/153/1/5

61

Electronic cigarettes: a response to Leelavathi and DasFoulds J. et al

International Journal of Clinical Practice

2012http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2011.02889.x/abstract

62

Electronic cigarettes: a review of safety and clinical issuesWeaver M. et alJ Addict Med.2014

63

Electronic cigarettes: a short review

Bertholon J.F. et al

Respiration2013http://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/353253

64

Electronic cigarettes: a survey of usersEtter J.BMC Public Health2010http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2F1471-2458-10-231

65

Electronic cigarettes: abuse liability, topography and subjective effects

Evans S.E., Hoffman A.C.

Tobacco control2014http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii23

66

Electronic cigarettes: achieving a balanced perspective

Wagener T.L. et al

Addiction2012http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03826.x/abstract

67
Electronic cigarettes: assessing the efficacy and the adverse effects through a systematic review of published studies
Gualano M.R. et al

J Public Health (Oxf)2015http://jpubhealth.oxfordjournals.org/content/37/3/488

68

Electronic Cigarettes: Effective Nicotine Delivery After Acute Administration

Vansickel A.R., Eissenberg T.
Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2013http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/1/267

69

Electronic cigarettes: human health effects

Callahan-Lyon P.

Tobacco control2014http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii36

70

Electronic cigarettes: incorporating human factors engineering into risk assessmentsYang L. et alTobacco control2014http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii47

71

Electronic Cigarettes: Lifestyle Gadget or Smoking Cessation Aid?

Schuurmans M.M.

Praxis2015http://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/abs/10.1024/1661-8157/a002057

72

Electronic cigarettes: new kit on the rack

Leelavathi M., Das S.
International Journal of Clinical Practice

2012http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2011.02866.x/abstract

73
Electronic cigarettes: patterns of use, health effects, use in smoking cessation and regulatory issues
Rahman M.A. et al

Tob Induc Dis.2014http://www.tobaccoinduceddiseases.com/content/12/1/21

74

Electronic cigarettes: product characterisation and design considerations

Brown C.J., Cheng J.M.

Tobacco control2014http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii4

75
Electronic cigarettes: review of use, content, safety, effects on smokers and potential for harm and benefit

Hajek P. et alAddiction2014http://tobonline.com/Media/Default/Article/Addiction-%20Hajek%2014.pdf

76

Electronic Cigarettes: Vulnerability of Youth.

Schraufnagel D.E.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol Pulmonol.

2015http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/ped.2015.0490

77

Electronic Cigarettes. Do They Have a Role in Smoking Cessation?Odum L.E. et al

Journal of Pharmacy Practice

2012http://jpp.sagepub.com/content/25/6/611

78

Electronic cigarettes. Potential harms and benefits

Drummond M.B., Upson D.

Ann Am Thorac Soc.2014http://www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201311-391FR

79
Electronic nicotine delivery devices: ineffective nicotine delivery and craving suppression after acute administration

Eissenberg TTobacco control2010http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/19/1/87.extract

80
Electronic nicotine delivery system (electronic cigarette) awareness, use, reactions and beliefs: a systematic review
Pepper J.K., Brewer N.T.

Tobacco control2014http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/5/375

81
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (“E-cigarettes”). Review of Safety and Smoking Cessation Efficacy
Harrell P.T. et al

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg2014http://oto.sagepub.com/content/151/3/381

82
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems: A Policy Statement from the American Association for Cancer Research and the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Brandon T.H. et al

Clinical Cancer Research2015http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/21/3/514

83

Electronic nicotine delivery systems: is there a need for regulation?

Trtchounian A., Talbot P.

Tobacco control2011http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/20/1/47.long

84

Electronic-Cigarette Smoking Experience Among AdolescentsCho J.H. et alJournal of Adolescent Health2011http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X11002734

85
Evaluating Nicotine Levels Selection and Patterns of Electronic Cigarette Use in a Group of “Vapers” Who Had Achieved Complete Substitution of Smoking
Farsalinos K.E. et al
Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment

2013

86
Evaluation of electronic cigarette liquids and aerosol for the presence of selected inhalation toxins
Farsalinos K.E. et al
Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2014http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/08/30/ntr.ntu176

87
Exposure to Electronic Cigarettes Impairs Pulmonary Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Viral Defenses in a Mouse Model
Sussan T.E. et al.

PLOS ONE2015http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0116861

88
Flavoring Chemicals in E-Cigarettes: Diacetyl, 2,3-Pentanedione, and Acetoin in a Sample of 51 Products, Including Fruit-, Candy-, and Cocktail-Flavored E-Cigarettes

Allen et alEHP2015http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/15-10185/

89

Health-related effects reported by electronic cigarette users in online forumsHua M. et alJ Med Internet Res.2013http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3636314/

90
How are the English Stop Smoking Services responding to growth in use of electronic cigarettes?

Beard E. et al

Patient Education and Counseling

2014http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0738399113004631

91
How much nicotine kills a human? Tracing back the generally accepted lethal dose to dubious self-experiments in the nineteenth century

Mayer, BerndArch Toxicol.2014http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00204-013-1127-0

92

Identification of toxicants in cinnamon-flavored electronic cigarette refill fluidsBehar R.Z. et alToxicology in Vitro2014http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0887233313002610

93
Impact of an electronic cigarette on smoking reduction and cessation in schizophrenic smokers: a prospective 12-month pilot study
Caponnetto P. et al
Int J Environ Res Public Health

2013http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23358230

94
In Vitro Particle Size Distributions in Electronic and Conventional Cigarette Aerosols Suggest Comparable Deposition Patterns

Zhang Y. et al

Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2013http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/2/501

95
Influential parameters on particle concentration and size distribution in the mainstream of e-cigarettes

Fuoco F.C. et alEnvironmental Pollution2014http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749113005307

96

Interviews With “Vapers”: Implications for Future Research With Electronic Cigarettes

McQueen A. et al
Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2011http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/9/860

97

Is there evidence for potential harm of electronic cigarette use in pregnancy?Sufer M.A. et al

Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol.

2015http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bdra.23333/abstract

98
Metal and Silicate Particles Including Nanoparticles Are Present in Electronic Cigarette Cartomizer Fluid and Aerosol
Williams M. et al

PLOS ONE2013http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0057987

99

Mining data on usage of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) from YouTube videosHua M. et alTobacco control2013http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/22/2/103.abstract

100

More on Hidden Formaldehyde in E-Cigarette AerosolsNitzkin J.L.et alN Engl J Med2015http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc1502242

101
Nicotine absorption from electronic cigarette use: comparison between first and new-generation devices
Farsalinos K.E. et al

Nature2014http://www.nature.com/articles/srep04133

102

Nicotine control: E-cigarettes, smoking and addiction

Bella K., Keaneb H.
International Journal of Drug Policy

2012http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955395912000072

103
Nicotine derived from the electronic cigarette improves time-based prospective memory in abstinent smokers

Dawkins L. et alPsychopharmacology2013http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00213-013-2983-2

104
Nicotine Levels and Presence of Selected Tobacco-Derived Toxins in Tobacco Flavoured Electronic Cigarette Refill Liquids
Farsalinos K.E. et al
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health

2015http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/4/3439

105

Nicotine Levels in Electronic Cigarettes

Goniewicz M.L. et al
Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2013http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/1/158

106

Non-cigarette tobacco products: What have we learned and where are we headed?O’Connor R.J.Tobacco control2012http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/21/2/181.long

107
Peering through the mist: systematic review of what the chemistry of contaminants in electronic cigarettes tells us about health risks

Burstyn I.BMC Public Health2014http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-14-18

108
Perceived efficacy of e-cigarettes versus nicotine replacement therapy among successful e-cigarette users: a qualitative approach
Barbeau A.M. et al

Addict Sci Clin Pract.2013http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23497603

109
Pilot Investigation of Changes in Readiness and Confidence to Quit Smoking After E-Cigarette Experimentation and 1 Week of Use
Wagener T.L. et al
Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2014http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/16/1/108

110

Qualitative and quantitative compositions of fluids for electronic cigarettes

Uryupin A.B. et al
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal

2013http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11094-013-0871-z

111

Research gaps related to the environmental impacts of electronic cigarettesChang H.Tobacco control2014http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii54

112
Response to Shihadeh et al. (2015): E-cigarettes generate high levels of aldehydes only in ‘dry puff’ conditions
Farsalinos K.E. et al

Addiction2015http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.13078/abstract

113

Risks of Attempting to Regulate Nicotine Flux in Electronic Cigarettes

Farsalinos K.E. et al
Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2014http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/11/28/ntr.ntu207

114
Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review
Farsalinos K.E., Polosa R.

Ther Adv Drug Saf.2014http://taw.sagepub.com/content/5/2/67

115

Secondhand Exposure to Vapors From Electronic CigarettesCzogala Y. et al

Nicotine & Tobacco Research

2013http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/16/6/655

116
Short-term Pulmonary Effects of Using an Electronic Cigarette: Impact on Respiratory Flow Resistance, Impedance, and Exhaled Nitric Oxide
Vardavas C.I. et al

CHEST2012http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012369212603274

117
Smoking Cessation with E-Cigarettes in Smokers with a Documented History of Depression and Recurring Relapses
Caponnetto P. et al

IJCM2011http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=6134

118
Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial of electronic cigarettes versus nicotine patch for smoking cessation

Bullen C. et alBMC Public Health2013http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2458-13-210

119
Successful smoking cessation with electronic cigarettes in smokers with a documented history of recurring relapses: a case series
Caponnetto P. et al

J Med Case Reports2011http://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1752-1947-5-585

120
Tests for the chronic toxicity of propylene glycol and triethylene glycol on monkeys and rats by vapor inhalation and oral administration
Robertson O.H. et al

JPET1947http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/91/1/52.abstract

121

The changing face of tobacco use among United States youth

Lauterstein D. et al

Curr Drug Abuse Rev.2014http://benthamscience.com/journals/current-drug-abuse-reviews/volume/7/issue/1/page/29/

122
The chemical components of electronic cigarette cartridges and refill fluids: review of analytical methods

Famele M. et alNicotine Tob Res.2015http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/3/271

123

The Electronic Cigarette: The Good, the Bad, and the UglyCooke A. et alJ Allergy Clin Immunol Pract.2015http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213219815002676

124
The electronic cigarette: what proportion of smokers have tried it and how many use it regularly?
Kralikova E. et al.

Addiction2012http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03916.x/abstract

125

The electronic-cigarette: Effects on desire to smoke, withdrawal symptoms and cognitionDawkins L. et alAddictive Behaviors2012http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460312000913

126

The impact of electronic cigarettes on the paediatric populationDurmowicz E.L.Tobacco control2014http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii41

127
The Potential Adverse Health Consequences of Exposure to Electronic Cigarettes and Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems

Oncology Nursing Forum2015

128
Therapeutic potential of use of the electronic cigarettes at nicotinic dependence (In Russian with English summary)
Mendelevich V.D.

Наркология2015http://psychiatr.ru/download/2358?view=1&name=Mendelevich+V.D._2015-08.pdf

129
Tobacco-Specific Nitrosamines in Electronic Cigarettes: Comparison between Liquid and Aerosol Levels
Farsalinos K.E. et al
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health

2015http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/8/9046

130

Toxicity Assessment of Refill Liquids for Electronic CigarettesVarlet V. et al

Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health

2015http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/5/4796

131
Tracking the Rise in Popularity of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (Electronic Cigarettes) Using Search Query Surveillance

Ayers J.W. et alAJPM2011http://www.ajpmonline.org/article/S0749-3797%2810%2900793-2/abstract

132
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J.R. Reynoldson
VaporVanity co-founder J.R. Reynoldson spends 364 days per year wishing that it was 4/20. He is easily offended by your comments. Email JR at [email protected].